Photography has gone through a ton of technological changes over the past 20 years. One of the consistencies however is the fact that anyone can be a photographer. Some of the best photographers throughout history never academically studied the craft. They are the ones that helped establish the rules of photography that we have learned to bend and break today.
Yes, anyone can be a photographer. Photography has always been like music in the sense that you can have a natural talent and produce art without formal training. However that doesn’t mean that just because I own a nice guitar you want me playing at your wedding. Just saying.